SP2900 Spiritual Exercises: Pastoral Dynamics
Instructor: Elizabeth Liebert
Place: Mudd 103
The Spiritual Exercises of Ignatius of Loyola offer useful dynamics for pastoral ministry in Protestant as well as Roman Catholic settings. This course, developed for those preparing for general parish ministry, pastoral care and counseling or spiritual direction in congregational settings, will examine dynamics grounded in the Spiritual Exercises: spiritual conversation, examination of conscience, prayer (especially Gospel contemplation), discernment of call (election), discernment of spirits, and contemplation in action. We will note the original context in Ignatius's life and/or the Spiritual Exercises, and discuss contemporary adaptations for various ecclesial contexts and theologies. We will pay particular attention to adaptations useful for contemporary women. Learning strategies include: lecture, PowerPoint (instructor and students) discussion of assigned readings and case material, use of Blackboard (students will do on-line assignments), and term paper. No prior experience of the Spiritual Exercises is necessary, but students must be willing to participate in an on-line version of the Spiritual Exercises during the class in order to gain some direct experience of the Spiritual Exercises.
Course learning objectives
Barry, William, and Doherty, Robert. Contemplatives in Action: The Jesuit Way. New York: Paulist Press, 2002.
Dyckman, Katherine, Garvin, Mary and Liebert, Elizabeth. The Spiritual Exercises Reclaimed: Uncovering Liberating Possibilities for Women. New York: Paulist Press, 2001
Ganss, George, ed. Ignatius of Loyola: Spiritual Exercises and Selected Works. Classics of Western Spirituality New York: Paulist Press, 1991.
Huggett, Joyce. “Why Ignatian Spirituality Hooks Protestants.” The Way Supplement 68 (summer 1990): 22-34.
Linn, Dennis, Linn, Sheila Fabricant, and Linn, Matthew. Sleeping with Bread: Holding What Gives You Life. New York: Paulist Press, 1995.
Lonsdale, David. Eyes to See, Ears to Hear: An Introduction to Ignatian Spirituality. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books: 2000.
Raitt, Jill. “Saints and Sinners: Roman Catholic and Protestant Spirituality in the Sixteenth Century,” in Christian Spirituality: High Middle Ages and Reformation, ed. Jill Raitt, pp. 454-463. (New York: Crossroad: 1987).
Wolff, Pierre. Discernment: The Art of Choosing Well: Based on Ignatian Spirituality. Revised Edition. Liguori, MO: Triumph Books, 2003.
And ONE of the following
Barry, William A. What Do I Want in Prayer? New York: Paulist Press, 1994. (prayer)
Brackley, Dean. The Call to Discernment in Troubled Times. New York: Paulist, 2004 (contemplation in action)
Lambert, Willi. Directions for Communication: Discoveries with Ignatius Loyola. New York: Crossroad, 2000. (pastoral conversation)
Lonsdale, David. Listening to the Music of the Spirit: The Art of Discernment. Notre Dame IN, Ave Maria Press, 1992. (discernment; out of print but the library has it and you can probably get it through an on-line used book service if you want your own copy).
Lowney, Chris. Heroic Leadership: Best Practices from a 450-Year-Old Company That Changed the World. Chicago: Loyola, 2003. (administration)
Ryan, Thomas. Four Steps to Spiritual Freedom. New York: Paulist Press, 2003. (basic attitude of indifference, examen and discernment)
Smith, Gordon T. Listening to God in Times of Choice: The Art of Discernment God’s Will. Downers Grove, Ill. InterVarsity Press, 1997. (discernment; evangelical view)
Silf, Margaret. Inner Compass: An Invitation to Ignatian Spirituality. Chicago: Loyola Press, 1999. (A jargon-free prayerful introduction to the dynamics of the Spiritual Exercises. Could be used as a companion to the SE, or could be used as a group study/prayer apart from the Exercises.) It is possible to select this book for your extra reading.
Tellechea Idígoras, José Ignacio. Ignatius of Loyola: The Pilgrim Saint. Chicago: Loyola University Press, 1994. (One of the most readable biographies of Ignatius, written without a lot of scholarly apparatus.)
Special Learning Needs: If you need special consideration in the length and timing of assignments or arrangement of classroom for reasons of documented disability, please inform the instructor with the first few days of class so that appropriate accommodations might be arranged.
Probable Outline of Sessions
February 4: Introductions of participants and course. Hopes and expectations. Signing up for Blackboard; accessing the class on Blackboard. Introduction to online versions of Spiritual Exercises and alternative. Viewing Ignatius of Loyola: The Story of the Pilgrim, I Michael Bellafiore, SJ. (Parts I and II)
February 11: Context: World context of Ignatius, Discussion of the world context of Participants. Bellafiore (Part III).
February 18 : Context: Life of Ignatius. Rubens illustrations.
February 25 : Context, From Then to Now. Current expressions of Ignatian spirituality and comparison to context of participants. Rubens illustrations.
March 4: Introduction to the Spiritual Exercises and the “Weeks”; Principle and Foundation (SE #21-23, Annotation #4). Vashon etchings.
March 11 : Ignatian Principles of Guidance. Close reading of annotations and #1-20.
March 18: Ignatian Principles of Conversation. Pesupposition, #23.
March 25: Reading Week. No class. Complete the reading of the selected extra text, if possible.
April 1 : Examination of Conscience, Various Contemporary Adaptations Close reading of SE #24-44. Prayer in SE (meditation and contemplation, SE #45-54,101-109)
April 8: Prayer in SE, cont. Application of the Senses, Additional Forms of Prayer. Close reading of SE # 65-71, 121-126, 230-258.
April 15: Discernment of Spirits. Close reading of SE 313-336.
April 22: Election. Close reading of SE #169-189.
April 29 : Contemplation to Attain Love; Contemplation in Action. Close reading of SE # 23-237.
May 6: Principles of adapting into contemporary contexts—general discussion. Personal experiences using on-line retreat. Presentation of term-paper learnings.
May 13 . Presentation of term-paper learnings. Final evaluation.
Assignment: Term-papers due in campus mail by Monday, 5:00 p.m. (I should get them no later than Wednesday.)